Kuldiha a part of mega habitat located at trijunction of Balasore, Mayurbhanj and Keonjhar District is a densely forested hill range. Kuldiha is not only a compact mass of hills, valleys and streams but a bounty of natural beauties of biological entities. Deeming the rich biological diversity and geological importance, Kuldiha declared as sanctuary vide Notification No.243/FFAH dt.04.01.1984 of Government of Odisha, Forest, Fisheries and Animal Husbandry Department covering an area of 272.75 Sq. Km. The sanctuary mainly covers three major Reserved Forests i.e. Kuldiha, Tenda & Devgiri alongwith some Revenue Forests at the fringe.